Tracing the story of William Meadows, the son of James Meadows, is sometimes a little difficult. In earlier census returns he gave his place of birth as Epping, but in later census returns he said that he was born in Mountnessing in about 1825. Between 1841 and 1901 William is recorded as William James, William George, and in 1881 simply as George, and these apparent changes of name were explained by a chaotic personal life which contrast with his tranquil paintings of the English countryside and Venice.
An entry in The Fine Arts Journal in 1847, concerning the Theatre Royal, Dumfries, reveals that, "The scene painter is Mr W.J.Meadows, the son of Mr Meadows, of the Surrey. Initially, William had begun his career by following in the family footsteps at one of the theatres where his grandfather had performed. However his training as a scene painter most probably came closer to home under his father's tuition, possibly at The Lyceum Theatre in London in 1844. (See the previous page on James Meadows for futher details).
(Above)'A rural riverside scene' by William Meadows, 1851.
(Below) This painting includes a rare example of William's original signature, before he changed his name.
(Reproduced from a private collection by kind permission of the owner).
The reason for William's obscurity in the 1861 census may lie partially in his financial difficulties, as well as his frequent changes of address. In 1864, The Law Journal list of impending bankruptcy proceedings included an entry for "Meadows, William George (known as William James Meadows), artist, of Old Kent Road, previously of Beal Road, Old Ford, previously of Wanstead Flats, Wanstead". A family source has revealed that William tried changing career not long afterwards, when he became the landlord of The Black Bull Inn in Fyfield in Essex on the 9th November 1866 , and that he "gave an opening dinner there" on 29th November 1866. However if William was trying to achieve financial stability by changing careers, the 1871 census would suggest that it was an unsuccessful interlude.
'Landscape with cattle by a river', by William Meadows, 1860
In 1871 William was recorded under the name of William George, but is identifiable as the same person by his age, place of birth, and the personal details of his wife. He no longer gave his profession as artist, but as an "Eating House keeper", back in the East End of London and living at 200, High Street in Shoreditch. Two servants were living with the couple, but more unusually there was also another resident, whose occupation was listed as "baliff in possession". The presence of a live-in baliff therefore seems to suggest that William's financial difficulties were far from over.
'Loggers on a country lane', by William Meadows
His second wife, Helen Grace Higgs, was born in Tipperary in Ireland in about 1841. By the time of the 1881 census, the couple were lodging over a pub at 87, High Holborn in London, where William is recorded simply as "George Meadows, Landscape painter". In the 1891 census, the couple were lodging at The Green Dragon pub in Shenfield in Essex, a few miles from William's birthplace in Mountnessing. William now gave his profession not only as a landscape painter but also as a sculptor. When Helen died in 1899, the couple were living at 19 Wells Street, once again in the St Pancras district of London. In the final census entry for William in 1901, he is recorded as an artist and sculptor, aged 75, widowed and living alone, at 2 Granville Place in Clerkenwell.
On the basis of his census returns, William's world appears to be limited to Essex and a few square miles of northern central London, both of which were areas assocated with his father. However the sojourns in Scotland and on the South Coast in Poole were clearly not his only escapes from these geographical confines. Like his youngest brother Arthur, William also visited and discovered the beauty and inspiration of Venice, and he produced a number of works depicting the city's canals and monuments.
A lane in Cuffley, Middlesex, by William Meadows, 1894
William Meadows on the web
To view examples of William's paintings, click on the Artnet site link below and search on Meadows in the Artists directory. You will find several works by William, and also a selection of works by his father and brothers.